Structural Engineering

Environmental Services​



Some of our Civil engineering services include:

  • Site Plans
  • Storm water analysis
  • Storm Water Drainage and Collection Systems
  • Storm Water Detention (OSD) and Retention Basins
  • Water Distribution Systems
  • Erosion and Sediment Control Plans
  • Minor roads Design
  • Driveway and Carpark Design
  • Solar Panels
  • Forensic Engineering investigation / expert witness
  • Retaining walls
  • Pedestrian bridges
  • Temporary structures
  • Certification scaffold and form work


  • Road Design
  • Storm Water Design
  • On-site Detention & Retention Basins
  • Solar Panel

Structural Engineering Services

Our extensive engineering experience allows us to give you the solution to fit your Commercial, Industrial and Residential needs.

Structural Engineering

C&S Engineering provides structural analysis and design services for a broad range of structures. Every year we work on a large number of architectural and industrial projects. Examples include, Architectural designed projects, renovations alterations and additions, shops, offices, swimming pools, retaining walls, tilt up constructions. We use design analysis and CAD softwares to create clear, easy-to-interpret structural drawings, details and notes. Coordination between the design team is an important part of the CAD Drafting phase and is made easier through open communication and organized electronic drawings.

Architecturally Designed Projects

Structural analysis and design for architectural projects is a major component of the structural work we do at C&S. We enjoy the challenges presented by challenging atypical buildings and work with our architectural clients to find creative solutions to their needs. We are dedicated to the goal of making the architecture work given the visions of the designer and client. That goal extends to the more typical projects as well, and we are always conscious of the impact of our designs on cost and schedule.

Commercial & Industrial Engineering

In earlier years our clients began asking us to provide services on industrial projects. Our response to those requests has gained us valuable skills with equipment and construction methods. An extension of that work is C&S’s role as a consultant for multi-discipline projects.

The types of projects we work on include: wind analysis of structures, scaffold design and certification, piling and crane platform design, Foundations and footings for buildings, posts for large shade structures, structural design of skate parks, industrial warehouse buildings, Street scape art work for councils and suspended works of art, membrane structures, Slip circle analysis for structural retaining wall design and structural reports and certificates of adequacy.

Structural Design of Swimming Pools

Civil and Structural Engineering covers all aspects of swimming pool design, from standardized pool plans to custom engineered pool plans. With over 25 years experience we also offer a full range of pool engineering services.

Standardised Pool Plans

  • In-ground or partly elevated
  • Different soil types
  • Vanishing edge detail
  • Free-standing wall detail
  • Rock waterfall detail
  • Combined depths/heights to 2m

Forensic Engineering Services

  • Shotcrete and concrete testing
  • Core testing and analysis
  • Structural repair recommendations

Standardised Pool Plans

  • Commercial pools
  • Pier/steel augur supported pools
  • Retaining walls
  • Reinforced earth retaining structures
  • Caves and Grottos
  • Cabanas
  • Wine cellars
  • Water slides
  • Patio decks
  • Site Inspections

Environmental Engineering Services

This activity has certain limits in a company our size. In the main, our company has performed many environmental impact statements (EIS) within the residential construction industry. Our Director has passed all public exams for the course “Master of Environmental Engineering Science” from the university of NSW in 1991, however, because of his limited time to be absent for his business, fulfilling the thesis part to gain the degree was not an option at any time.

The time attending those lectures, however, was invaluable to our director Ted, who had graduated in Civil Engineering in 1967, in times when the environment was never considered, the project was commenced regardless and as Ted had recognised the unfortunate impacts over time, he became extremely concerned that our environment would be endangered if due consideration was not granted to it.

It may be said that Environmental engineers and scientists are concerned with protecting the environment using the impact assessment procedure, so that any losses or impacts that a project may have on the air we inhale, the water we drink, the soil we erode, or the noise we generate above tolerable levels, must be measured such that over time we do not destroy the very lifestyle we are attempting to make for our communities, being human or animal.

It is critical we have benchmarks set and evaluate the project before commencing by assessing what damage we may do to the environment if we don’t remove the problems caused by past activities. For example, environmental remediation to clean up contaminated industrial land before any further use could be contemplated is now mandatory. Continued auditing of industry to ensure the environment is protected should be a goal for engineer.

Geotechnical Engineering Services

Planning Stage This activity in the main requires our company to prepare reports to assist developers, architects, owners, structural engineers and builders to determine important pre-construction project parameters such as excavation methods, foundation methods, hazard management, impacts on neighboring properties and to minimize any variations that may lead to budget overruns and consequently the viability of the overall project and its ultimate outcome. This process is dependent on the job size and may simply be a matter of a site walkover with desktop report taken from previous known jobs in the area or to a more complex report with full service including the following key activities:

  • Determination of the proposed project Construction materials to be used to determine structural loadings firstly identification using geotechnical and geological maps
  • Identify the strength of foundation materials by Field investigation including in-situ sampling for later laboratory or using specialized equipment for in-situ testing
  • Assessments of Natural and/or Man-made hazards such as unstable or slip ground conditions either identified by slope stability analysis process or known from previous mapping
  • Examples: (Risk Analysis Assessments, Test Pit evaluation at demolition stage, Road & Pavement analysis & Slab-on-ground assessments AS 2780 – 2011

Design Stage In our case, we consult as Geotechnical engineers and thereby support our structural engineering designs with our expertise, however, we are often asked to support other geotechnical engineers as a supplement to their assessments and hence by collaboration, this checking mechanism works to ensure that before any work commences, the final structural design is guaranteed. These services may include physical designs and details for:

  • Cut and fill slopes protection designs
  • Earthworks, Earth & Rock Dams & Retention Basin Designs
  • Geotechnical Analysis & Modeling Slope Stability
  • Ground improvement techniques for main roads and heavy duty industrial pavements
  • Instrumentation and monitoring systems such vibration monitoring
  • Contiguous Piling and Screw Pile capacities with design & Details
  • Geotechnical Analysis & Modeling Slope Stability
  • Reinforced earth structural Designs
  • All types of Retaining wall Designs
  • Examples: Detention/Retention facilities in Hydraulic Designs, Retaining Walls all types, Swimming pool & residential construction using screw piles

Construction Stage This stage in geotechnical engineering is important for major civil and structural works is so far as confirmation is mandatory for the originally assessed excavation/foundations conditions has credence and can be signed-off. It is also consistent with continuing construction advice and monitoring as the project proceeds to completion.

These services include, but are not limited to:

  • Structural Engineering and Analysis
  • Architecturally Designed Projects
  • Commercial & Industrial Engineering
  • Structural Design of Swimming Pools
  • Structural Design of Temporary Structures
  • False Work, Form Work and Scaffolding Designs
  • Storm water analysis
  • Structural Analysis for Event Tents
  • Storm Water Drainage and Collection Systems
  • Storm Water Detention (OSD) and Retention Basins
  • Water Distribution Systems
  • Erosion and Sediment Control Plans
  • Minor roads Design
  • Driveway and Car park Design
  • Solar Panels
  • Forensic Engineering Investigation / expert witness
  • Retaining walls
  • Pedestrian bridges
  • Temporary structures
  • Certification scaffold and form work
  • Site investigation
  • Retaining walls and shoring structures
  • Environmental reports
  • Mediation
  • Forensic Engineering Services

Would you like to find out more about our capabilities? We invite you to view our previous projects.